... - d. 1827) The Meléndez-Quiñonez Dynasty lasted 18 years until Arturo Araujo became President. According to the federal law, the governor received the title of Supreme Chief until 1841, when El Salvador declared itself independent, with its governor being called President. President Nayib Bukele's use of armed soldiers in El Salvador's parliament over the weekend has alarmed political foes and rights groups, with growing fears about democratic backsliding in the crime-ravaged Central American nation. 22 Ohio State rallies for 90-85 win over Notre Dame No. 1. During 2015 and 2016, there were 17 or 18 murders a … This dictatorial government would establish the foundations of a rigid and totally militarized nation. He is ineligible for immediate reelection, but may run again after sitting out one election period. Salvador Sánchez Cerén became the second FMLN president in 2015 after narrowly defeating Norman Quijano. 1767 - d. 1832) In 1960, a coup d'état overthrew President José María Lemus which led to the formation of a Junta of Government which would later be overthrown by the Civic-Military Directory in 1961. 21 Sep 1821 – 28 November 1821 Pedro Barriere (b. Written by Escrito por Steven Dudley and Alex Papadovassilakis* - October 1, 2020. It was not until 26 September 1842 Juan José Guzmán was elected by the people as President of El Salvador.   Labor (1)      President Nayib Bukele is again locked in battle with El Salvador’s Supreme Court after its constitutional chamber ruled his government's obligatory stay-at-home decree unconstitutional. INVESTIGATION: Gangs, Vendors and Political Capital in Downtown San Salvador. The court suspended its ruling late Monday for four days to allow the Legislative Assembly to pass legislation that would give the government decree a legal foundation. The 1983 Constituent Assembly decided to create the current Constitution of El Salvador which set presidential terms to 5 years and would begin and end on June 1. 10166. At that time, the legislative body created a constitution to legitimize the nation of El Salvador and also named Juan Lindo Provisional President of the Republic of El Salvador on 2 February 1841. President Nayib Bukele of El Salvador ran for president as a political outsider. El Salvador's president, Nayib Bukele, ordered a crackdown in prisons after what authorities said were outside killings ordered by imprisoned gang members. El Salvador's government for years denied having perpetrated the slaughter. ARENA won the presidential elections in 1989, 1994, 1999, and 2004. A court in El Salvador has asked the prosecutor's office to investigate whether President Nayib Bukele and his defense minister blocked a judicial inspection of military archives aimed at uncovering evidence of a massacre in 1981. Composed entirely of military, the civic directory began the era of military dictatorships. El Salvador's President Nayib Bukele puts on a protective mask at a promotion ceremony from policemen to corporals in San Salvador, El Salvador September 30, 2020. The office was created in the Constitution of 1841.   CDP (1)      El Salvador’s government for years denied having perpetrated the slaughter. El Salvador’s President Nayib Bukele has vehemently denied swapping favors with gangs, but a slew of government officials and a person working directly with the government say there is an informal pact between parts of the government and the gangs. Supreme Political Chief The President of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de El Salvador) officially known as the President of the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de la República de El Salvador) is the head of state of El Salvador. December 9, 2020 SAN SALVADOR (Reuters) – Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele said on Tuesday a senior official had stepped down to address allegations he has schemed to cover up financial wrongdoing by the government, dealing a setback to the leader of the Central American country. He was inaugurated on 1 June 2019. President José Napoleón Duarte would lead the government against the FMLN from 1984-1989. In 2019, Nayib Bukele, from the Grand Alliance for National Unity (GANA), won the 2019 presidential election ending 10 years of FMLN rule. December 9, 2020. 2. Martínez would be overthrown in 1944 and General Andrés Ignacio Menéndez became Provisional President. It was not until 1939 when General Martínez called for a Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution which established that the presidential term would be increased from 4 to 6 years and would begin and end on 1 January.   Liberal (14)      He is also, by Constitutional Law, the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. The office was created in the Constitution of 1841. It was not until the Constitution of the Republic of El Salvador of 1886 was ratified when the presidential term is increased from two to four years, beginning and ending the presidential terms on 1 March. Bukele, … Senior El Salvador official resigns, in blow to president. President Nayib Bukele and a group of soldiers armed with automatic weapons briefly occupy El Salvador's Congress, stepping up a pressure campaign to force lawmakers to back a crime-fighting plan. At the age of 37, he became the 46th president of El Salvador; also, he is the youngest person ever elected as president of this country. Salvador Sánchez Cerén (Spanish pronunciation: [salβaˈðoɾ ˈsantʃes seˈɾen]; born 18 June 1944) is a Salvadoran politician who served as the 45th President of El Salvador between 1 June 2014 and 1 June 2019. The civic directory ended its government when the Presidency of the Republic was handed over to Vice President Maximiliano Hernández Martínez , who would later perpetrate a massacre in 1932. Conservative (13)        FMLN (2)      By The Daily Handle News on December 9, 2020. Salvadorans, tired of the same two parties in power, bet on him. The Junta was abolished in 1982 and Álvaro Magaña became President of the Republic. Heads of state and government of North America, Current heads of state in Central American countries, Heads of state of El Salvador within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1841), Intendants political leaders of the Province of San Salvador, Presidents of independent El Salvador (1841–present), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, List of heads of state of Federal Republic of Central America, Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification, "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage", "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador » Autoridades » Titulares", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_El_Salvador&oldid=993297008, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Five years, not eligible for re-election immediately, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 21:53. Each June 1, the president is accountable to the Legislative Assembly for the contributions and Government Development that the president, the vice president and the Council of Ministers developed from the beginning of the presidential term. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado Intendant and Governor (from 11 January 1822, President of the Junta of Government)   PPP (2)      The civic directory was formed by (according to the military organization to which they belonged): From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Heads of State of El Salvador within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1841). In 20 years of government, El Salvador was characterized by the privatization of national services such as coffee, telecommunications, the pension system, the National Bank, the Electric Power Service, among others. At a time when many Latin American leaders are pariahs, El Salvador’s President Nayib Bukele is a puzzle. El Salvador's President Nayib Bukele, accompanied by members of the armed forces, speaks to his supporters outside Congress in San Salvador, El Salvador.   DAP (1)      28 Nov 1821 - 9 February 1823 José Matías Delgado (b. In 1824, the Mayor's Office of Sonsonate and the Intendancy of San Salvador joined to form the State of El Salvador, united first to the United Provinces of Central America and then to the Federal Republic of Central America. The president of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de El Salvador), officially known as the president of the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de la República de El Salvador), is the head of state and head of government of El Salvador. Osorio was known as the president of the social programs since he implemented and founded programs such as the Urban Housing Institute (IVU), the Autonomous Port Executive Commission (CEPA) among others that benefited the nation. In 1858, Captain General Gerardo Barrios became President of the Republic in which his government gave entrance to the "French Bread". From Predators to Partners: How Gangs are Taking San Salvador . From that moment, the republic suffered a constant series of provisional governments that brought many leaders to power. He is also, by Constitutional Law, the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. On 15 October 1979, the last coup d'état in Salvadoran history took place where a group of young soldiers and officers overthrew General Carlos Humberto Romero. SAN SALVADOR (Reuters) – Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele said on Tuesday a senior official had stepped down to address allegations he has schemed to cover up financial wrongdoing by the government, dealing a setback to the leader of the Central American … In 1913, before the death of Manuel Enrique Araujo, a family 'dynasty' would begin. The president of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de El Salvador), officially known as the president of the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de la República de El Salvador), is the head of state and head of government of El Salvador. Mauricio Funes won the 2009 presidential election ending 20 years of ARENA rule and marked the first FMLN presidency. If none of the candidates gets to obtain that result, a second voting round will be held where the two candidates who have obtained the most electoral votes in the first round will participate. The President of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de El Salvador) officially known as the President of the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de la República de El Salvador) is the head of state of El Salvador.The office was created in the Constitution of 1841. He took office on 1 June 2014, after winning the 2014 presidential election as the candidate of the left-wing Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado). Its presidents were Alfredo Cristiani, Armando Calderón Sol, Francisco Flores, and Elías Antonio Saca. The Revolutionary Government Junta was established and ruled over El Salvador while fighting against the communist guerrilla group Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). The civil war greatly affected the political stability of the country. The coup marked the beginning of the Salvadoran Civil War which would rage on from 1979 to 1992. Alfredo Cristiani became the first president of ARENA. The duration of the presidential term is five years. According to a court document released on Monday, the inspection was connected to a probe of the killing of nearly 1,000 people, around half of them children, in El … In 2001, the Economic Dollarization System was carried out in the country, a measure adopted by then President Francisco Flores which would have great long-term consequences for the Salvadoran economy and adopted the US dollar as legal currency. This was the case until the constitutional order was reestablished and another constitution was created in 1962 which would bring with it significant presidential reforms. The president of the Republic of El Salvador begins his duties on June 1 of the year of his election and is accompanied by a vice president. From that moment, the presidential term would last 5 years and begin and end on 1 July. He was the first president since Duarte to not be a member of either ARENA or FMLN. Presidents of the Independent Republic of El Salvador (1841–present), List of heads of state of Federal Republic of Central America, Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification, Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador, Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN). In 1841, El Salvador was constituted as an independent and sovereign nation after the rupture of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1838. Intendants Political Leaders of the Province of San Salvador. On July 31, 2013, a professor from the National University of El Salvador presented an argument to the Supreme Court on the constitutionality of a former president's candidacy. In 1989, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) won the 1989 presidential election. Senior El Salvador official resigns, in blow to president No. Bukele’s public insistence that his government is not working with gangs followed a report in El Faro published on September 3. Homicide in El Salvador has been dropping steadily for the past few years, especially in recent months. The opposition accuses police chief and deputy security minister Mauricio… The legal language regarding second terms is unclear as the constitution prohibits two consecutive terms, but has been described as "murky" on plural non-consecutive terms. El Salvador’s President Is No Friend of the U.S. Populist Nayib Bukele uses coronavirus as the pretext to traduce the constitution. El Salvador's government cut deals with leaders of the MS-13 gang in an attempt to reduce killings and other violence, according to a news report, in a … How El Salvador President Bukele Deals with Gangs. Bukele has called himself a man of the left, but ended up running for president … 0. This page was last changed on 6 March 2020, at 15:58. 16 North Carolina   ARENA (4)      According to the Electoral Code, for a person to be declared President-Elect of the Republic, he must obtain 50% plus one of the votes obtained in the election in the presidential elections.   NDP (4)      How El Salvador President Bukele Deals with Gangs. El Salvador's President Nayib Bukele speaks at a promotion ceremony from policemen to corporals in San Salvador By Nelson Renteria SAN SALVADOR (Reuters) - A court in El Salvador has asked the prosecutor's office to investigate whether President Nayib Bukele and his defense minister blocked a judicial inspection of military archives aimed at uncovering evidence of a massacre in 1981. Nayib Bukele is the current president of El Salvador; he was sworn in as president on June 1st, 2019, and it will serve a five-year term ending in 2024. He resigned from power in 1863 and Francisco Dueñas became President. El Salvador's President Nayib Bukele, accompanied by members of the armed forces, speaks to his supporters outside Congress in San Salvador, El Salvador. 3 Iowa pulls away from No. Senior El Salvador official resigns, in blow to president The opposition argues Bukele's government has made unlawful use of public funds in the crisis, allegations that … El Salvador Elects New President, Breaking Decades-Long Control By 2 Parties Nayib Bukele, the 37-year-old former mayor of San Salvador, promises to … Chief of State TSE El Salvador on Twitter: "RESULTADOS GANA 1,434, 856 votos, (53.10%) COALICIÓN 857,084 votos, (31.72%) FMLN 389,289 votos, (14.41) VAMOS 20, 763 votos, (0.77%) Total de vot... http://escrutiniofinal2014.tse.gob.sv/pais.html2, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_El_Salvador&oldid=6855485, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Five years, not eligible for re-election immediately, Second Lieutenant Miguel Hernández Saldaña. But in 2012 the government of then-President Mauricio Funes acknowledged the state's role …   GANA (1), Intendant and Superior Political Chief The Civic Directory governed El Salvador from 2 to 4 December 1931 . 22 Apr 1824 - 1 October 1824. During his presidency, Martínez initiated the 1932 Salvadoran Peasant Massacre which killed 25,000 indigenous peoples. He was the second president from Palestinian descent, after Elías Antonio Saca. 3. From then on, four stages with particular characteristics are recognized: the post-federal period, the Coffee Republic, the military governments, and civil governments. Last weekend, El Salvador elected Nayib Armando Bukele Ortez, 37, to the presidency. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado). The Civil War ended in 1992 and the FMLN became a legal political party in accordance to the Chapultepec Peace Accords. From that moment, the presidency of the Republic once again showed dictatorial instability and military governments began to be established to the point of creating a republic with 'Military Authoritarianism' which would end in 1982.   Military (16)      (El Salvador Presidency Press Office) Before El Salvador experienced a single case of coronavirus, President Nayib Bukele placed the country in lockdown, shuttering schools, banning large gatherings and sealing borders.   USDP (1), NCP (4)      2019 Salvadoran presidential election were held in El Salvador on 3 February 2019, with voters electing a President and Vice President for a five-year term. In 1931, a coup d'état led by Vice President General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez overthrew President Araujo. 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