De-forestation, the cutting down of trees, causes erosion, pollution and the loss of fertility in the topsoil. A soil is polluted when it contains an abnormal concentration of chemical compounds potentially dangerous to human health, plants or animals. There should also be put in place stringent measures against those who dump harmful or poisonous substances to the mudflat, sand, swampland, and salt marshes as well as those who discharge pollutants illegally. This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. Open dumping is the most often practiced. Here are 15 ways to prevent and control land pollution. It is important to dispose of solid waste properly by treated it before it’s released into the environment. The best way to control soil pollution is to strictly control the mining and industrial pollutants. It is also necessary to strengthen the management of soil environmental information to ensure broadened and dynamic data update. 3. Ensure proper investigation of reclaimed land, 71+ Shocking Facts About Pollution That are Seriously Eye-opening, 6. (ii) Use of biofertilizers and natural pesticides help in minimizing usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? (And Uses of Old Egg Cartons), 8. Pesticides application on crops directly affects non-target organisms, soil health and also reaches to water bodies by leaching from the soil. (And Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? They also adversely affect plant and animal growth. It is very difficult to pin point the exact effects of soil pollution on humans, animals or even plants, yet the effects are out there for everyone to see. Control measures of soil pollution: Proper dumping of unwanted materials: Etra wastes by man and animals is a disposal problem. Or the plastic waste generated daily by the high consumption of junk food and other inorganic products. Recycling paper, plastics and other materials reduces the volume of refuse in landfills, another common cause of soil pollution. The crop related control measures include crop rotation, strip cropping, planting along the contours, protector belt, crop residues, and use of organic composts. 1. Proper Treatment of the Solid Waste: I t is vital to properly treat the solid waste before disposing and releasing it into the environment. The waste materials should also be categorized based on the degree of contamination. The development of cooking industries and non-ferrous metal metallurgy industries in close proximity residential areas and virgin soils should be prohibited. Materials that are mildly or moderately contaminated should be treated in controlled environments before release into the natural environments while those that are heavily contaminated should be put under strict management, treatment, and control. […] Production of natural fertilizers: Bio-pesticides should be used in place of dangerous chemical pesticides. Designated pits should be used for the dumping of soil wastes. Soil pollution is a global threat that is particularly serious in regions like Europe, Eurasia, Asia and North Africa, as indicated by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (And How To Keep Them Away). Soil Pollution Control Technique Caused by Lea d Existing in It . Biofertilization is a process in which certain microorganisms are used to increase the fertility and growth capacity of soil. These substances decrease soil fertility by reducing its mineral content. This should be implemented by making a layout plan that should include close supervision on the soil environment including regular information updates. The relevant authorities should also proactively look for potential risks and point out the alternatives for minimizing the risks. To help prevent soil erosion. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil. Soil pollutants will hinder the provision of habitats, nourishment, and protection for plants and The mandate of testing the contamination levels of such lands should be given to the city or government unit in charge. All tasks should be defined and inter-departmental cooperation and coordination should be strengthened to ensure seamless implementation and immediate resolutions focused towards correct disposal of garbage, proper treatment of sewage sludge, minimized the use of agro-chemicals, reforestation, construction of drainage systems, and strengthening chemical use related laws. Legislations on pesticide management, contaminated sites management, and farmland soil management should as well be updated. In addition to controlling the pollutants, daily environment supervision should be enhanced. The existing registrations such as urban and rural planning, agricultural practices, and land management should be revised and updated to include contemporary soil pollution control and prevention measures. Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. If the results show the reclaimed land is polluted, any scheduled activity on the land must be suspended and the responsible body must take the necessary precautions to not only manage and mitigate the risks but to also prevent the contamination of adjacent soils. Below are five ways to control land pollution:-* Better agriculture practices. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. 2. (And How to Keep Them Away), Do Deer Eat Peonies? The biological method refers to forestry and crop-related soil management. Promoting sustainable agricultural practices, asking governments to develop policies to reduce the use of harmful chemicals and to prevent and control soil pollution are actions that can be taken now. Environmental pollution comes in various forms, such as: air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, etc. In order to properly control and prevent soil erosion, it is paramount that every stakeholder understands the baseline of soil environment quality, which can be done by carrying out sensitizations and surveys on soil pollution. Land pollution means degradation or destruction of the earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly, as a result of human activities. Soil pollution control 103 98. Planting trees--or re-forestation--helps prevent soil erosion and pollution. 2. Extraction of pollutants via thermal remediation – the temperature is raised in order to force the contaminants into the vapour phase, after which they can be collected through vapour extraction. Bioremediation or phytoremediation involves the use of microorganisms and plants for the decontamination of soil. When dealing with land that is expected to be reclaimed and used for other purposes such as the construction of residential homes or social amenities like schools as it is in the case of mining, there is need to conduct soil investigation and evaluation. In addition to agricultural pollution, industrial waste and urban activities also cause soil pollution. Soil pollution is the addition of toxic and harmful chemicals, salts, microorganisms and radioactive elements to the soil layer. The land pollution can be controlled by following methods: (i) Planned afforestation helps in preventing soil erosion. • Pollutants in the subsurface may be: Dissolved in GW in the saturated zone. (And 6 Clever Ways to Reuse Old Keys), Can You Recycle Shampoo Bottles? Another way is through the establishment of soil environmental quality monitoring networks to ensure improved monitoring frequency. In excessive sloping areas, making bunds across the slope helps to prevent erosion. Manure, meanwhile, is always considered preferable to pesticides. In its organic form, manure has few negative effects on the ecological system. (iii) The principles of three Rs, namely, Recycle, Reuse and Reduce help in minimizing generation of solid waste. Health hazard disposal of urban and industrial wastes. Farmers should use organic fertilizers such as manure and adopt the integrated pest management strategy to ensure soil’s health. (And 5 Ways to Dispose of), Is Junk Mail Recyclable? In addition to controlling the pollutants, daily environment supervision should be enhanced. Instead, the state should encourage enterprises to adopt better methods of production, organic farming, and new technology as it would be helpful in ensuring proper treatment of wastes and the reduction in harmful chemical products. The mechanical method of soil pollution control includes the use of contour holding system, gully control, and making bunds. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and industrial effluents etc should be recycled and reused. Soil Pollution Control • When pollutants or chemical wastes are released on soil surface, they will be absorbed onto the organic mineral matter of the soil. When the soil is contaminated, it negatively affects the ecological system as plants and microorganisms may struggle to adapt to the change in the chemical composition of the soil. Ways to Control Soil Pollution: Since it is not safe to use soil that is polluted, we have to find ways to control soil pollution from affecting our day-to-day lives. A great example is the proper treatment of sewage sludge. The government should also put in place measures to ensure electronic wastes and heavy metals do not contaminate the soil. Control for solid waste disposal. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. Agricultural land pollution usually causes the loss of soil fertility as it involves the loss of organic matter, topsoil and nutrients, and the soil’s ability to retain water. Strictly control the pollution of new soil, 7. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. We can control daily waste coming out of our house. Pollution prevention is a major global concern because of the harmful effects of pollution on a person’s health and on the environment. It also influences the flow of chemical substances and water between the earth and the atmosphere. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control … One of the more common methods of reducing weed growth is covering the soil with numerous layers of wet newspapers or a plastic sheet for several weeks before cultivation. The following steps have been suggested to control soil pollution. Unfortunately, over the years, human activities like the use of pesticides, fungicides, and herbicides have had an adverse effect on soil quality. Biological treatment involves the use of anaerobic microorganisms, such as methanogens and acetogens, which help break down the soil wastes into a less toxic and biodegradable form. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. To ensure accountability, the companies in the specified area should conduct soil research at least once annually and release the information to the public. iii. Much research and technological advances are helping to control soil pollution. Reducing weed growth helps reduce soil pollution. Before disposing the industrial wastes in the soil, the toxicity of it must be reduced. As awareness of ones environment grows everyone must pitch in by following the motto of recycle, reduce and reuse. Poor utilization of land is a major concern in the prevention and control of soil pollution. Develop necessary legislation on soil pollution control, Advantages and Disadvantages of Natural Gas Energy, 3. © 2019 www.azcentral.com. Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. Improper disposal of industrial waste, drainage from homes and improper disposal of trash further contaminate the soil. When waste is not disposed properly. Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotics (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. Promote objective assessment and accountability among all stakeholders, After the Arctic, Thawing of Antarctica Glaciers Could Also Be Irreversible, The UK’s Problem With Recycling and How it is Being Addressed, environmental capacity and ecological effects, Can You Recycle Frying Pans? Forests also play an important role in preventing soil erosion. To ensure long term success in the prevention and control of soil pollution, all stakeholders’ role in the implementation of the soil pollution control should be clear. Land pollution has a very negative impact on the health of plants, humans and animals. In agricultural land management, ideal soil conservation methods include mechanical and biological control techniques. Acidic and alkaline waste, for example, can be neutralized before they are disposed of to avoid soil contamination. In areas with excessive pollution or surface degradation, reforestation should be done. 1. The organic waste from houses and hospitality industry can be used to prepare humus. Furthermore, measures should be put in place to promote continuous improvement of soil pollution control standards. Furthermore, through legislation, the government should phase out production facilities that use traditional industrial production methods and agricultural practices that harm the soil. Measures To Control or Reduce Soil Pollution at Glance. (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), Various Causes and Effects of Soil Contamination, Negative Effects and Simple Solutions To Avoid Palm Oil, Environmental and Health Effects of Fracking, What is Organic Food and 15 Health Benefits of Eating Organic Food, Can You Recycle a Mattress? It occurs: ADVERTISEMENTS: i. ii. Dumping of unwanted materials properly: Excess waste from animals and unwanted materials from man cause a disposal problem. The consumerist in us must reduce and the conservationist must increase. Soil pollutants reduce nutrients values in the soil. Land pollution is the degradation of Earth’s land surfaces often caused by human activities and their misuse of land resources. The government should integrate the resources from various research institutions and universities to support relevant research on soil environmental capacity and ecological effects of soil contamination among other possibilities. In case of change of the responsible subjects, the party that inherits the debt and rights should be held responsible. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Supervision of unutilized land is also key. Developing forests in new areas can help reduce erosion caused by rainwater and air thus ensuring increased soil fertility and formation. Biodegradable waste should also be broken down in a controlled environment before it is released into the environment. Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. This prevents light from reaching the weeds, which kills them. The following measures may be suggested to control soil pollution: 1. Presently, the most commonly practised technique is open dumping and this causes soil pollution. Mentioned below are some measures we can take to control soil pollution. At the same time, the government should take stronger measures against people, businesses, and companies that breach the policies. There are different measures for the prevention and control of soil pollution, some of which are listed below: 1. 104 99. It is cheaper to prevent soil pollution than it is to manage polluted soil and thus, the appropriate objective should be protecting new soil. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and … Although much concern over the years has been on air and water pollution, prevention and control of soil pollution are as important as air and water pollution control. The effort should also include promoting research on common technologies that relate to soil pollution diagnosis, research, and development of advanced data collection and mapping equipment, and soils contamination risk management and control. Farmers must ensure that they use bio-fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers. Proper management of agricultural land and the practice of organic farming, 5. To ensure sustainability in the prevention and control of soil pollution, research on soil pollution prevention and control should be advanced by strengthening technological research. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. Strengthen policies that manage pollution sources, Are Egg Cartons Recyclable? Before any new land is used, thorough research should be conducted to ensure whether the land is suitable for the intended use. These wastes should be treated chemically and biologically to make them less toxic and hazardous. 1. Various steps suggested in order to control soil pollution are as follows: Reducing chemical fertilizer and pesticide use: As the soil erosion has become a major cause of concern we need to adopt the three R's: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle in … Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper: Environmental pollution - water & soil. Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides results in acidification of soil. 2. Get a better understanding of the soil environment quality baseline, 2. The following measures should be taken to prevent soil pollution: Arrangements for collection, and disposal of garbage should be tightened. 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