All soils undergo soil erosion, but some are more vulnerable than others due to … The increase in our consumption levels has led to all sorts of problems related to soil pollution. Many companies that produce in developing countries do not care too much about proper waste disposal management. Some of main causes of soil pollution include deforestation and consequent erosion, agriculture, industry, mining, landfills and illegal dumping of waste as well as urbanization and construction [8]. For the production of material goods, precious metals and other elements have to be extracted from the ground. The most common causes of soil pollution include industrial waste or by-products. Causes of soil pollution Farming. For example, there can be natural chemical processes that may lead to pollution of the soil if certain elements get in touch with each other. Thus, you can contribute to a lower level of total fertilizer and pesticides used and therefore to less soil pollution. Diseases caused by Soil Pollution – Soil pollution is characterized by the continuous accumulation of toxic products, salts, radioactive materials, chemicals or disease-causing agents, which are harmful to humans and the environment. Soil pollution is defined as the contamination of soil of a particular region. Soil pollution involves the contamination of soil by the release of harmful substances into the soil. Many chemicals used in farming are harmful to the health of human, animals and plant life. Through bioremediation, the contaminated soil can be decontaminated in a natural way. Presently, 300,000 ha of UK land is thought to be contaminated by toxic elements such as lead and arsenic. Some of them are metals, inorganic ions, salts, compounds formed by soil microbial activity, and decomposition of organisms. Mining activities involve the crushing, grinding, and processing of raw minerals. As I went to university and got my Master’s degree in Economics, I did plenty of research in the field of Development Economics. Causes of soil pollution: Soil pollution is termed as the contamination of soil of a particular part. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'environmental_conscience_com-leader-2','ezslot_10',190,'0','0']));If the soil is contaminated with chemicals and other harmful substances, it is just a matter of time when these chemicals will reach the groundwater. Waste Disposal. Leaks and spills of all sorts can contaminate the soil. Major issues about … Garbage that cannot be recycled is disposed of carelessly and this is not only an eyesore but pollutes the land. Such soil becomes highly toxic, as many pathogens can multiply in the polluted soil and eventually enter the human body through the consumption of plants grown in the affected area. Soil pollution can be said to be the mixing together of chemicals that are made by man (like agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes and various waste disposals that are harmful from factories, houses, etc.) With the amount of waste human continue to produce, with the addition of many other factors, soil pollution is a serious and growing problem. However, pesticides and fertilizers contain harmful elements which contribute to soil pollution. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on September 27 2018 in Environment. For example, factories may not treat waste according to proper procedures and release untreated waste matter into the surrounding land or water. Pesticides are the most common cause of soil pollution. In soil pollution, the effects vary in proportion to the extent of the concentration of the pollutant. From this time on, I wanted to make a contribution to ensure a livable future for the next generations in every part of our beautiful planet. Industrialization: More and more, population growth requires the production of more goods, resulting in more industrial waste. It leads to many consequences for our Earth and without a plan to co… Such pollutants can be derived from various sources, which are highlighted below. Anthropogenic (man-made) soil pollution originates in several types of processes, some deliberate (industrial) and some accidental. As with many problems, we can make our daily contribution in order to mitigate soil pollution. This means we should separate garbage in our daily life. A wide range of pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers, and herbicides are used in modern agriculture. Soil pollution often is caused by excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. This means a strict control on the operation of landfills to make sure that the soil is not contaminated. Soil pollution has become a big problem for the environment, especially after the industrial revolution period. The most common causes of soil pollution include industrial waste or by-products. Soil pollution is also likely to lead to a reduction in crop yields. Climate change. The chemicals may be foreign to the area, or they may be naturally occurring materials that pollute the soil by being present in dangerously high amounts. Agricultural Activities. Accidental spills and leaks during storage, transport or use of chemicals (e.g.,leaks and spills of gasoline and diesel at gas stations); 2. It mostly is accompanied by the water pollution and air pollution.. Effects of soil pollution. What are the causes of land pollution? ; Deforestation and soil erosion: Forests are home to more than 80% of terrestrial biodiversity and are a refuge for many animal and plant species.In this sense, deforestation is a catastrophe both for man and for other living beings. Soil pollution does not stand alone. Pollution refers to the level of contaminants which exceeds the natural concentration of these substances. Soil pollution occurs when soil contains chemicals that are toxic or otherwise dangerous for humans and other living things 2. When it rains, the contaminated air will add chemicals to the rain which increases the level of acidity. Fossil fuels contribute to soil pollution since the burning of these fuels causes harmful gases which lead to acid rain. By doing so, we can even increase our impact on the mitigation of the problem. Soil Pollution. “Soil is a living ecosystem, and is a farmer’s most precious asset. Soil pollution may alter plant metabolism and reduce crop yields and cause trees and plants that may absorb soil contaminants to pass them up the food chain. Moreover, construction sites often also emit large amounts of toxic dust, which settles in the nearby areas and thus contaminates the air and also the soil. add to the contamination as most of them are non-biodegradable. Since through the excessive use of pesticides and also through the emission of toxic gases from industrial processes, harmful chemicals will eventually reach our rivers, lakes and seas. Industrial Activity. If a leak occurs in this kind of transports, the soil in this area can be contaminated for a very long time. This causes serious problems including the harming and killing of sea creatures, which ultimately affects humans. This method solves the problem for a short period of time, however, in the long run, the affected areas will be contaminated for a very long period of time and thus we will not be able to use them for future settlement or agricultural activities. Soil pollution. Moreover, illegal dumping has to be stopped. Nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon dioxide are some gases produced by industrial activities that indirectly cause soil pollution. Stopping this behavior is crucial for the goal of a reduction in soil pollution since the soil absorbs the toxic elements from trash on the ground. Natural causes. Since plants usually are quite sensitive to changes in their natural environmental conditions, soil contamination can lead to a decline in fertility of the affected plants. In most cases, one can easily draw a direct line between the degeneration of soil, and the human activities such as construction, mining, … Hey kids, in this video, Dr Binocs will explain, Soil Pollution | What Is Soil Pollution? Antropogenic – through human activity including: 1. Through the contamination of soil with heavy metals and other harmful substances, these microorganisms are often not able to adjust to the new circumstances appropriately and thus will die off. Causes of Soil Pollution. Fatigue and weakness. Also, this disturbs the biological balance of the organisms dependant on the soil. In order to reduce the problem of soil pollutions, governments around the world have to take measures and introduce strict regulations. However, the next step is to make sure that we convince others. The alarming situation of the state of soil pollution has forced the scientific community to develop innovative, reproducible strategies/technologies (in situ or ex situ) for treating polluted soils. Microorganisms are harmed by soil pollution since they are usually quite sensitive to a change in their natural environmental conditions. Before going towards – what are the causes of soil pollution, its effects along side with the prevention of soil pollution we will discuss the meaning of it: Pollution is basically contamination which we human-beings spread intentionally or unintentionally in the environment. We can thus mitigate the soil contamination problem by avoiding the consumption of fossil fuels in our daily life. Moreover, it has to be assured that industries have proper waste disposal processes and do not dump their trash in nearby rivers, lakes or other storage spaces in nature. There are mainly 2 causes of pollution. Through the over-exploitation of the soil, it … Soil contamination refers to the destruction of land that could be used constructively by human activities, either directly or indirectly. Certain microorganisms are used in order to degrade the target pollutants. However, through the excessive use of pesticides, the level of contamination with harmful substances is usually much higher in conventional products than in organic products. The soil is an important habitat and is the house of different types of microorganisms, animals, reptiles, mammals, birds, and insects. The conquest of utilizing land and soil resources and conducting experiments on it for our benefits is one major reason for soil pollution. The chemicals released into the ground during such accidents are harmful and pollute the soil.
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