Direct flight with steady wing beats. Feeds on fish, crustaceans and amphibians. Sips nectar. Wings are rounded and tail is short and fan-shaped with outer tail feathers tipped white. Black-headed Gull: Small, white gull with partial hood, white crescents above and below eye, and white-gray back. New subspecies range maps for this bird will be available in the next iBird update at which time we will retire the Thayer’s Gull as it’s own species. Brown and red-brown mottled upperparts. What bird is that? Groove-billed Ani: Medium-sized black bird with iridescent blue and green overtones, with a very long tail (half the length of the bird). As the name suggests, these are found in marine waters, but they are said … Eats mostly insects in the summer. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher: Medium flycatcher with pale gray upperparts and head, white underparts and throat, salmon-pink sides and flanks, and dark brown wings with white edges. Breast is orange-brown and belly is yellow. Sexes are similar. Legs and feet are red-orange. White wing patches are visible in flight. Eyes are orange-red and bill is long and decurved. Curved neck is often stained with pigments from iron or algae. White belly, pink neck,upper breast and rump. Bill is pink with dark tip. Feeds on aquatic plants, cultivated grains, seeds. Head has a dark gray-brown cap, pale spot on nape, and thick black eye-line; throat is white. Flight is short and low, alternating rapid wing beats with glides. The head is gray, bill is short and slightly decurved. Feeds primarily on insects. Bill is huge, with arched ridge and narrow grooves. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch: Medium finch with brown body and pink on shoulders, flanks, and belly. Strong direct flight with rapid wing beats. Eastern populations are red-brown, Northwestern birds are more brown, and Western Interior birds are gray-brown. While only 250 species have been recorded in the state, many of the birds in Minnesota are boreal and Arctic specialties that are difficult, if not impossible, to … Underparts are orange-brown with strongly barred black, white flanks. Feeds on fish, aquatic insects, and their larvae. Hawks from perch, hovers. Legs and feet are red. Fieldfare: Large, robin-like thrush with rufous back with gray head and rump. Tail has white patches at the base. Wings and tail are gray-black; tail has thin white tip. Piping Plover: Small, pale sand-colored plover, showy black bands on head, neck. The black crown has a short black crest, the white tail is deeply forked, and the legs and feet are black. Brown coloured birds are found in most families of bird species, including sparrows, thrashers, creepers, and even the females of the different members of the bunting family. Sabine's Gull: Small gull with gray back and white nape, rump, and underparts. Bill is long and slightly decurved. Head and nape are blue. Bill is black, legs and feet are pink. It is the only entirely red bird in North America. Groove-billed Ani: Medium-sized black bird with iridescent blue and green overtones, with a very long tail (half the length of the bird). Flies in straight line or V formation. Soars on thermals or updrafts. Bill, legs, and feet are black. Formerly called the Green Violetear, it has had its name changed to Mexican Violetear and has also been split by the American Ornithologist Union in 2016 into the Mexican Violetear and Lesser Violetear (out of North American range). Face is pale gray, has dark eye patch. Long-tailed Jaeger: Smallest but most buoyant and graceful jaeger or skua, with gray upperparts, white breast and gray belly. Field guides, illustrations, and database Copyright © 2004 - 2013. The tail is long and squared with a black-bordered gray center and edged in white. Legs are long and yellow. Slightly decurved bill is black. Rounded tail is rufous with black edges. Whooping Crane: Adults are nearly all white except for red crown, black mask, and black primary feathers most visible in flight. The long tail is buff-and-black barred, and has a pale tip; undertail coverts are white with black bars. Hooded Warbler: Medium warbler, olive-green upperparts, bright yellow underparts. Tail is green with black outer tail feathers. Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Small, introduced sparrow, black-streaked red-brown upperparts, buff underparts, single white wing-bar. Unlike other ptarmigans, the male stays with the female and defends its nest-it is known to attack anything that comes to close. Fall Birds of Minnesota (September, October, November) Life could never be long enough to hold all the Minnesota fall days that the reasonable person would hope to enjoy. Yellow crown is bordered by a wide black cap; cheek and collar are black. Head has dark gray cap and sharply contrasting white eyebrow and cheek stripe. Tail has white edges, dark center and tip. Legs and feet are gray-pink. Swift direct flight with quick wing strokes. Mountain Bluebird: Small thrush with brilliant blue back, head, and wings. Yellow legs and feet. Wings are long and narrow. Feeds primarily on insects. Gray-brown wings. Short, bounding flights, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Rapid bouncy flight, alternates several quick wing beats with wings pulled to sides. 1. Black bill, legs and feet. Weak fluttering flight with shallow rapid wing beats. Wings are black with large white patches. Baird's Sparrow: Small sparrow with pale-streaked, rich dark brown upperparts, white underparts, and dark streaks on upper breast and flanks. Pale form has white underparts with brown breast band; intermediates between dark and light morphs occur. Brown Thrashers wear a somewhat severe expression thanks to their heavy, slightly downcurved bill and staring yellow eyes, and they are the only thrasher species east of Texas. Worm-eating Warbler: Medium-sized, ground nesting warbler with olive-gray upperparts and pale yellow underparts. They are permanent residents in the southern parts of their range; northern birds migrate to the southern United States and Mexico in winter, returning to … Black bill, legs, feet. Curve-billed Thrasher: Medium-sized thrasher (palmeri), with gray upperparts and spotted, pale gray underparts. Flies in straight line and V formation. MacGillivray's Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with olive-green upperparts and yellow underparts. It has a slow flight with deep wing beats and soars on updrafts. The photographs of the birds are very clear and you can easily distinguish unique features of the birds. Light morph has white neck, pale yellow collar, white lower breast, mottled breast band, sides. Varied Thrush: Large thrush, dark gray upperparts, rust-brown throat, breast, sides, eyebrows, black breast band, and white belly and undertail. Head is yellow with black throat and nape. Belly and rump are bright yellow. Juvenile is heavily barred and spotted gray; has white patches on underwings, white throat, white belly and dark-tipped gray bill. Painted Redstart: Medium warbler with black head, upperparts, bright red breast and belly. White line divides green speculum and pale blue shoulder patch on wing. Head is glossy green-black; neck has black-and-white rings. Rivoli's Hummingbird is a new name for the Magnificent Hummingbird. The long tail is buff-and-black barred, and has a pale tip; undertail coverts are white with black bars. Feeds at night, mostly on insects. Diet includes fish, crustaceans and insects. Wings are dark with two white bars. Head is large, glossy, and purple-black with golden yellow eyes and a crescent-shaped white patch behind a dark bill. Purple Sandpiper: Medium sandpiper, upperparts are scaled gray-brown, crown is dark, and white underparts are streaked. Tail is dark green with black outer tail feathers. Female is olive-green above, with gray back and yellow underparts. Steady deep wing beats. Direct and hovering flight with rapid wing beats. Wings are black with large, white patches. Cassin's Finch: Medium-sized, cheery finch with bright red crown, brown-streaked back. Feeds on insects. Pink-brown legs and feet. Black Rail: Smallest North American rail, mostly dark gray or nearly black with white-speckled back, belly, flanks. It forages for insects on or close to the ground. Location: green isle, mn. Swift bounding flight on rapid wing beats. The eyes are yellow and the bill is blue-gray with a black tip. Today it follows cattle, and occurs abundantly from coast to coast. Wings are black with large white patches visible in flight. Back, breast and neck have vivid black-bordered white bars. Eyes are orange-red and bill is long and decurved. White underparts extend up onto the face as a cheek patch. Feeds on insects, caterpillars, fruits and berries. Rock Wren: Medium wren with white-speckled gray upperparts, brown rump, white-over-black eye brow, white throat and breast with fine gray streaks, and buff-yellow flanks and belly. Bill is huge, with arched ridge and narrow grooves. Head has black hood, and yellow face. So in a flock of red finches only a few of the birds will show a red head. It feeds on small fish, crustaceans and insects. Black tips on the primary feathers are only seen in flight. Flies in straight line formation. Fast flight on shallow wing beats. Straight black bill. Wings and tail are gray-black; tail has thin white tip. White arc beneath eye. Strong direct flight with rapid wing beats. Ferruginous Hawk: Large hawk, white head, streaked, rust-brown shoulders, back, and feathered legs. Common Ground-Dove: Small, rounded dove with plain gray-brown back and scaled pink-gray head and breast. The neck, breast and belly are white. Bill, legs and feet are black. Slaty-backed Gull: This large gull has a slate-gray back, white head, belly, tail, and upper wings; dark outer primaries separated from mantle by row of white spots. For a birder who is just starting out, the colour of the bird will probably be the first piece of information that will be used in trying to put a name to a bird. Tail is slightly forked. Head has chestnut-brown crown, small black mask, chin, ear patches. Kirtland's Warbler: Rare, medium-sized warbler with black-streaked gray upperparts and yellow underparts with black streaks on sides. Face has thick, black eye-line. It specializes in eating bees and wasps, which is why it is also known as the bee bird. White upertail with white-edged black tip. Diet includes insects, larvae, mollusks and crabs. The tail is deeply forked and white with dark edged outer feathers. White face, black cap extends nearly to red eyes. Bill tapers evenly to a sharp point. Diet includes insects and crustaceans. Direct, swift flight on rapidly beating wings. Its dark plumage sets it apart from all other North American woodpeckers. Say's Phoebe: Medium-sized, active flycatcher with gray-brown upperparts and head, paler gray throat and upper breast, and pale rufous belly and undertail coverts. Good bird fact: Once only found in the American Southwest, the House Finches were introduced to the East by a New York pet-shop owners illegally selling finches. Bill, legs, and feet are black. Soars on thermals. Wings and spectacularly long, deeply forked tail are black. Feeds by probing mud with bill or dunking head under water. Bill, legs,feet are yellow. Western Tanager: Medium-sized tanager with brilliant red head, bright yellow body, black back, wings, and tail. Sips nectar. Feeds on insects. Tail has white edges, dark center and tip. Great Black-backed Gull: World's largest gull. Red bill. Black-headed Grosbeak: Large, stocky finch, black-streaked, orange-brown back, black head, wings, tail. As it hops, it often flicks its tail from side to side. Tail deeply forked, legs are black. Eats fly larvae, beetles, crustaceans and marine worms. Orange-brown crown is marked with fine dark lines. The tail is white-edged. Upon research I am fairly positive it was a thrasher. The flight is labored and slow with dangling legs. Wings are dark gray with two rust-brown bars. Legs and feet are brown. Wings are dark with thin,white bars. The pale yellow belly distinguishes this species from other Myiarchus flycatchers. Wings have black primaries. Lazuli Bunting: Small finch, bright blue upperparts, cinnamon-brown breast and sides, white belly. The sexes look very similar. Sometimes called Swamp Warbler. Wings are black with white patches and tail is black with white edges. Upper neck and head are featherless and dark gray. Direct flight on steady wing beats. Black bill, legs and feet. Underparts are white, and buff-brown wash on throat. It was named for the state where it was first discovered, where it is an uncommon migrant. Outermost primaries have faint black smudges. Golden-crowned Sparrow: Large sparrow, brown-streaked upperparts and plain gray breast. Back of head and belly have gray patches. The eyes are dark and the bill is yellow with a red spot on the lower mandible. Strong and fast flight on rapidly beating wings. Very active bird, nervous and restless while foraging. Painted Bunting: Colorful, medium-sized bunting. Kentucky Warbler: Medium, ground-dwelling warbler with bright olive-green upperparts and yellow underparts. Short low flights, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Black upper and lowerparts may show blue gloss. Bewick's Wren: Small wren with unstreaked, gray to red-brown upperparts and plain white underparts. Forages on ground and in trees and bushes. Tail is long and scissor-like, black above with white outer edges and white below with black inner edges. The upperwings are gray with black primaries and white secondaries. Mexican Violetear: Medium hummingbird, dark metallic green (appearing black in low light) with blue-violet cheek and breast patches. Cinnamon-brown underwings visible in flight. Eyes are dark, legs are yellow-gray. The crown and nape are pale blue; distinct bill is orange-red, sweeping upward into a large, orange basal knob outlined in black. Strong and fast flight on rapidly beating wings. Their breeding habitat is wooded areas across northern Canada and the west coast of North America from Alaska to California. May be the most rapid flying North American bird, has been seen fleeing from raptors at estimated speeds of over 200 mph. King Eider: Large diving duck with black body and white breast, back. Head has chestnut-brown crown, small black mask, chin, ear patches. Hood is black and extends onto upper neck. Legs and feet are gray. It was named for Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition. Legs and feet are gray. It only eats insects, and forages for them on the ground and in trees. Then work across the columns to discover the name of the bird. Feeds on insects, spiders, small reptiles, fruits, seeds and berries. Feeds in shallow water or mudflats exposed at low tide. Underparts are white except for black upper breast band. Head has darker cap and slight crest. Found in pine stands, mangroves and overgrown fields rather than prairies. White tail; legs and feet are pink. The pale yellow belly distinguishes this species from other Myiarchus flycatchers. Dark gray back and nape. For proof, consider the annual Christmas Bird Count, which just wrapped up its 117th year. Eastern populations are red-brown, Northwestern birds are more brown, and Western Interior birds are gray-brown. Bounding flight. Black legs, feet. The diet includes aquatic insects and plants. In some regions, western birds may have grey on the head and back. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Forehead is dark brown. Long hooked yellow-gray bill with yellow "v" shaped gular pouch edged in white. Sea ducks belong to the Merginae subfamily. Feeds on nuts, insects, eggs and young of other birds, lizards, carrion and small mammals. Clark's Nutcracker: Medium, noisy and inquisitive jay with pale gray head and body. Weak fluttering flight, alternates rapid wing beats with wings drawn to sides, usually of short duration. Forages on the ground and in low vegetation. Underparts are brown-barred white on breast and sides, and white on belly. The male (shown in background) has a bronze-green back, bright red eyering, rump and underparts. Painted Redstart: Medium warbler with black head, upperparts, bright red breast and belly. Bill is yellow-orange. Tail is long and white-edged with dark bars. It has a fast smooth flight with rapid wing beats. Gray-black skin on head and neck is wrinkled. Gray legs, feet. Strong flight with shallow wing beats. Bird and Parrot classifieds. Soars on thermals, must flap its wings more often than a Turkey Vulture. White arc beneath eye. General description: The sandhill crane is distinctive in all respects. Sandhills are birds of wet meadows and open landscapes. Male: Black with white sides and gray back with lines. The legs and feet are pink. Breast is orange-brown and belly is yellow. Upperparts cryptically colored with brown and yellow-brown streaks of many different shades. Eastern populations have seriously declined since the 1960s. Wings are gray with two white bars. It has a buoyant, graceful flight with steady wing beats. Head has a yellow-green cap, yellow face, and dark eye, cheek stripes. Magnificent Frigatebird: Large black seabird, orange throat patch inflates into a huge bright red-orange balloon when in courtship display. This product and/or its method of use is covered by one or more of the following patent(s): US patent number 7,363,309 and foreign equivalents. The sexes are similar. Both sexes are similar in appearance. It was named for the state where it was first discovered, where it is an uncommon migrant. White eyebrows are conspicuous. The female (shown in foreground) has green upperparts, yellow-green underparts and dark wings. Bright red throat, breast is black, belly is yellow, and flanks are barred black-and-white. It has a strong direct flight with deep wing beats. Swift flight with shallow wing beats. Black head has two white facial stripes. Red-necked Phalarope: This medium-sized sandpiper has a brown-striped dark gray back, mottled gray breast, white throat and belly, gray head, nape, and flanks, rust-brown neck and upper breast and a thin black bill. Feeds on large flying insects. White Ibis: This coastal species is white overall with pink facial skin, bill, and legs that turn scarlet during breeding season. The female is more brightly colored than the male. Tail and rump are black. Straight black bill. It has a white face, black cap, and a thick, straight, yellow bill with a black tip. Non-breeding adult lacks hood, black mark behind eye, and black tip on bill. Bill, legs and feet are black. Long-billed Dowitcher: This large, stocky sandpiper has dark, mottled upperparts, dark cap and eye stripe, short white eyebrow, and red-brown underparts with lightly barred flanks. Head and underparts are buff to cinnamon with white throat and vent. It has a slightly curved black bill. Head has black hood and throat, sharply contrasting white eyebrow and cheek stripe, and yellow spot in front of eye. Tail is white with rust-brown wash. Forages on ground, low in trees and bushes. In Minnesota, there are 11 different species of woodpecker that you may encounter. Tail is yellow with thick black tip and central line. Summer Tanager: Large tanager, dark-red overall with a large, pale gray bill. The sexes are similar. Wings have two white bars. Red combs over the eyes can be retracted or exposed. Eastern populations are red-brown, Northwestern birds are more brown, and Western Interior birds are gray-brown. Head has a slate-gray hood and bold white eye-ring. It feeds on small fish and invertebrates. Mitch Waite Group. The wings show rufous primaries in flight. The bill is yellow and the legs and feet are black. Secretive, heard rather than seen. The Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater) is a small brood parasitic icterid of temperate to subtropical North America. Forehead is pale blue; bill is red and yellow-tipped. Bill is dull yellow to gray-green (eastern) or orange-yellow (western). Crown and throat patch are brilliant metallic purple. Eats seeds, insects, caterpillars. Eyes are red. Tail is gray with white spots near corners. 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